What will the coagulogram tell you about?

For good movement through the vessels, the blood must be sufficiently fluid. Hemostasis is a biological system that, on the one hand, maintains a liquid and fluid state of blood, and on the other hand, stops bleeding by blood coagulation (coagulation). A coagulogram is a laboratory test that assesses how effectively hemostasis works.

Who needs this analysis?

Everyone knows: if you cut yourself or otherwise damage the vessel, then first the blood flows, and then it forms a dense clot that clogs the site of damage. This clot is a blood clot. It can also form inside a vessel, vein or artery, if there is damage.

If the blood has increased coagulability, a thrombus forms very quickly and is poorly absorbed. Blood clots can block blood vessels, lead to vein thrombosis or stroke. High blood clotting can be a symptom of certain diseases. It is also important to control it during pregnancy and when taking certain medications, including oral contraceptives and hormone replacement contraception during menopause. Against their background, a coagulogram should be done regularly.

If the blood has poor clotting ability, then the blood clot forms slowly. This is especially dangerous if you are planning a surgery, as the risk of bleeding increases in this situation.

By the way, many people confuse increased blood clotting and its density. They are not the same thing. Thickening of blood occurs from dehydration of the body or from certain diseases when excess blood cells are produced. But the risk of blood clots can be realized without blood clotting, if there is a tendency for this – changes in coagulation factors or some kind of genetic characteristics.

Dispel fears

A set of laboratory tests Coagulogram, screening will give a complete picture of the state of your hemostasis. It includes the main indicators by which the therapist will be able to assess how well the blood coagulation and anticoagulation systems work in a balanced manner. If you visit a doctor before taking the test, you may hear other names for this set of tests: hemostasis analysis, coagulogram, hemostasiogram, blood coagulation analysis, coagulation analysis.

It is usually more convenient to go to the doctor, already having on hand the results of the Coagulogram complex, screening. It includes the following tests:

Fibrinogen is a protein found in blood cells and platelets. When a vessel is damaged, a cascade of biochemical reactions is triggered, as a result of which fibrinogen is converted into fibrin – the basis of a thrombus. A reduced level of this protein indicates poor coagulation and is considered in conjunction with other tests of the complex. Increased fibrinogen can be seen in inflammatory conditions and normal pregnancy.
Prothrombin (prothrombin time, prothrombin according to Quick, INR) is a test that includes 3 parameters at once. They are needed to assess the rate at which a blood clot forms.
APTT (activated partial thromboplastin time) is another test that checks how efficiently the blood clotting system is working.
Thrombin time is a test that measures how quickly a clot forms when thrombin is activated. Thrombin is an enzyme that helps fibrinogen convert to fibrin. The test data is considered in conjunction with the rest, helping to determine the type and cause of the deviation.
These coagulograms are affected by the intake of certain drugs, even vitamins. Therefore, in case of deviations in it, be sure to tell your doctor what, how long and in what dosage you are taking. It is even better to take the instructions from the drug with you to your appointment.

Do not be tormented by doubts whether everything is all right with you! Take tests and consult doctors on their results.